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10 Best Programming Languages to Learn Web Development in 2020!

Best Programming Languages to Learn

Which is the best programming languages should I learn for web development ” is one of the most popular topics these days.

It’s difficult. There are several programming languages to pick these days. Whenever you have a lot of options, it is more difficult to decide to which  programming languages to learn. We love choices and options, but more alternatives make it harder to pick. That’s why I desire to cut it down for you and make it very simple.

So, if you are a candidate or an working professional looking to learn web programming to find a good job opportunity in web development. As I said, there are various programming languages available in use globally. But  heading to 2020, here are the 10 best web programming languages you should learn to get a web development job easily in 2020 and also the best resource that I provided to assist you to master the programming languages.

10 Best Popular Web Programming Languages You Should Learn in 2020

Below is the list of  10 best  programming languages to learn web development in 2020.

  • JavaScript Frameworks
  • Python
  • C++
  • Java
  • PHP
  • Ruby on Rails
  • C#
  • Rust
  • Golang
  • Swift

JavaScript Frameworks Programming Language

JavaScript, often shortened to as JS, is a powerful, multi-paradigm, compelling, weakly typed, prototype-based, also interpreted programming language.

Javascript Frameworks have modified libraries and components of JS functions to assist developers to fix difficult solutions. It gives a good pattern hence we can build cross-browser adaptable code.

There are lots of Javascript Frameworks can be found right now. It is confusing to learn which one to work for which project. What platform do you feel best about javascript? Well, it based on your working project. Here we listed below some Best Javascript Frameworks to Learn. We have chosen them based on some features of community strength.

  • AngularJs Frameworks
  • ReactJS Frameworks
  • NodeJS Framework
  • EmberJS Framework
  • MeteorJS Framework
Learn Angularjs

Why should you Learn and use Javascript Programming Language?

  • Easy to Learn
  • Big Scope
  • Feature of Web Application Development
  • Efficiency
  • Security
  • Open source

Prerequisites to Learn TypeScript Programming Language

  • Java
  • C++

What Should you learn in JavaScript Framework Programming Language?

  • AngularJs Frameworks Libraries and Components
  • ReactJS Frameworks Libraries and Components
  • NodeJS Framework Libraries and Components
  • EmberJS Framework Libraries and Components
  • MeteorJS Framework Libraries and Components

Free Resource to Learn TypeScript Programming Language

  • Learn-angular.org
  • Nodeschool.io
  • Hackr.io/tutorials/learn-react

Python Programming Language

Python, the best programming language

Python has gradually become a popular and nowadays this programming language user community became very large. Why not? Even machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), Big Data, and Robotics all this today heavily dependent on Python.

Moreover, one of the top software challenges like Cyber Security is also run by Python. Besides, the programming language is designed with the goal of being readable, simple, and most of all fun, and almost English-like, which, like Java, makes it a popular choice for beginners to learn. Furthermore, it’s flexible and extremely powerful, and has a very bright future.

Why should you Learn and use Python Programming Language?

  • Python’s popularity & high salary
  • Python is used in Data Science
  • Python is simple & easy to learn
  • Python is versatile
  • Python used with Big Data
  • Python supports Testing
  • Python used in Artificial Intelligence
  • Python is portable & extensible
  • Python is available on all operating systems platforms from UNIX, MS-DOS, Mac OS, Windows and Linux, and other Unix-like operating systems.
  • Feature of Web Development

Prerequisites to Learn Python Programming Language

  • It is not mandatory to know any other programming language before learning Python.
  • Basic knowledge of concepts like Variables, Loops, Control Statements

What Should you learn in Python Programming Language?

  •  Frameworks such as Django and Pyramid.

  • Micro-frameworks such as Flask and Bottle.

  • Advanced content management systems such as Plone and django CMS.

Free Resource to Learn Python Programming Language for web development

  • Flask tutorial
  • Bottle tutorial
  • How To Tango With Django

C++ Programming Language

C++, the best programming languages
C++ is a general purpose, object-oriented, well compiled programming language and moreover a very technical language. With extremely powerful and extensive libraries, C++ is one of the cornerstone languages for the developers in the world.

Furthermore, using C++ programming language, there are many applications built such as Microsoft Windows, Google Chrome, Photoshop, PDFReader, and more. If you already know C (or if you’ve learned C++ and want to turn your hand to C), you’re already part of the way there.

Why should you Learn and use C++ Programming Language?

  • C++ Popularity and High Salary
  • More Career Opportunities
  • Future of Web Development
  • Scalability
  • C++ has a large community
  • C++ used in Embedded Systems
  • C++ in operating systems

Prerequisites to Learn C++ Programming Language

  • Basics of C programming language
  • Basic knowledge of Computer Programming terminologies

What Should you learn in C++ Programming Language?

  • Oops concepts
  • Programming Constructs
  • Arrays and Pointers
  • Friend Function
  • Classes and Objects
  • Constructor & Destructor
  • Inheritance
  • Operator Overloading
  • Templates

Free Resource to Learn C++ Programming Language

  • The C++ Programming Language (4th Edition) by Bjarne Stroustrup

  • C++ Primer (5th Edition) by Stanley B. Lippman

  • Effective C++: 55 Specific Ways to Improve Your Programs and Designs by Scott Meyers

Java Programming Language

Java, best programming language to learn web development
Java is one of the highest-paid programming languages and is known as the gold standard in web development all over the world. It’s object oriented, class based and works on any platform, making it extremely versatile.

If you want to make your safe employable to pretty much every tech company in the world, this is the way to go. Moeover Java is used by 9 million developers and run over 7 billion devices globally. It is an important platform for writing applications for Android and much other business software.

Furthermore, recently, Java is considered as #1 in the TIOBE programming community, accounting for a total of 20.79% of the list of the top 50 programming languages.

Why should you Learn and use Java Programming Language?

  • It has a lot of career opportunities
  • It is an open-source Language
  • Java has an abundant API
  • Java has a large community
  • Java is easy to learn
  • Java’s popularity and high salary
  • Java has Powerful Development Tools
  • Java is versatile
  • Java language is portable and can be run on multiple software platforms.

Prerequisites to Learn Java Programming Language

  • Basics of computer Knowledge.
  • Basics of Programming is strongly recommended.
  • Knowledge on C++ or any other Object-Oriented languageJava will be easy to pick up.

What Should you learn in Java Programming Language?

  • Java Fundamentals
  • Java for Android
  • Advanced Java
  • Java classes
  • Java functions
  • Loops in Java
  • Arrays
  • Functions
  • Generics
  • Try and Catch
  • Exceptions
  • Abstract classes
  • Java APIs
  • Deploying applications
  • Java inheritance
  • Aggregation in Java
  • Regular expressions in Java
  • Multithreading in Java
  • Concurrency in Java
  • Java HashMap
  • LinkedList
  • Set
  • Enum

Free Resource to Learn Java Programming Language

  • Coursera
  • Codecademy
  • Java 101
  • Udemy
  • edX
  • Oracle Java Tutorials
  • Sololearn
  • Skillshare

PHP Programming Language

PHP Programming
PHP is a server-side scripting programming language intended for web development but also utilized as a general-purpose programming language.

PHP language Code may be inserted into HTML language Code, or it can be utilized in mixture with different web template systems, CMS, and other website frameworks. The PHP code is often processed by a PHP interpreter integrated as a module in the web server or as a CGI executable.

Learn PHP

Why should you Learn and use PHP Programming Language?

  • 80% Websites and Apps Using PHP
  • Huge Career Prospects
  • Easy to Understand
  • Loosely Typed Language
  • Cross-Platform Compatibility
  • More no of variables
  • Real-Time Access Monitoring
  • Error Reporting
  • Extended Regular Expression
  • single inheritance language

Prerequisites to Learn PHP Programming Language

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript

What Should you learn in PHP Programming Language?

  • Types, Variables & Operators
  • PHP Strings
  • PHP Arrays
  • PHP Functions
  • PHP OOPS
  • PHP Forms
  • Advanced
  • PHP AJAX
  • RESTful API
  • PHP Databases
  • PHP Sessions and Cookies
  • Error and Exception Handling
  • Files and Directories
  • PHP Date Time
  • PHP Graphics
  • PHP XML

Free Resource to Learn PHP Programming Language

  • Phptherightway.com
  • Earn-php.org
  • Hackr.io/tutorials/learn-php

Ruby on Rails Programming Language

Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is a server-side web framework designed for Ruby. It’s is an MVC framework, implementing default structures for a DB, a web service, and website pages.

Learning to make modern web apps is challenging. Ruby on Rails performs it much simpler and more exciting. It assists and allows using web standards such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and JSON or XML for data transfer for display and user interfacing. Ruby on Rails’ impact on other web frameworks continues apparently today, with several frameworks in different languages using its concepts, including Django in Python, Laravel in PHP, Phoenix in Elixir and Sails.js in Node.js.

Why should you Learn and use Ruby on Rails Programming Language?

  • Easy to learn
  • Easy to Get Started With
  • Flexible
  • Performance and Scalability
  • Career Opportunities
  • full-stack
  • Thriving community
  • Very beginner-friendly
  • Open source (very liberal license)
  • Rich libraries
  • Very easy to extend
  • Truly object-oriented
  • Less coding with fewer bugs

Prerequisites to Learn Ruby on Rails Programming Language

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • Ruby
  • HTTP
  • Java
  • C#
  • C++

What Should you learn in Ruby on Rails Programming Language?

  • Framework
  • Directory Structure
  • Examples
  • Database Setup
  • Active Records
  • Migrations
  • Controllers
  • Routes
  • Views
  • Layouts
  • Scaffolding
  • AJAX
  • File Uploading
  • Send Emails

Free Resource to Learn Rails Programming Language

  • Guides.rubyonrails.org

C# Programming Language

C#, the best programming languages to learn web development

C# is an object-oriented programming language which was developed by Microsoft. C # mostly runs on the .NET platform, which is used to develop applications and games in Windows. The programming language is built on the C and C ++ languages but it is easier to use.

C # has the same operation logic as similar to C ++, the command line is pre-run tested, and the syntax is also same  as that as C++ and  Java. So if you are already aware of Java programming language and want performance like C ++, you can use C # for programming.

Moreover, this is the language mobile developers commonly use to build cross-platform apps on the Xamarin platform.

Additionally, anyone who is interested in VR development should consider learning C#.

Why should you Learn and use C# Programming Language?

  • High Salary Potential and  work opportunities.
  • Scalability
  • It’s widely used in game development.
  • Easy to learn
  • Large availability of powerful development tool
  • It has enormous set of use cases.

Prerequisites to Learn C# Programming Language?

  • Basic understanding of computer language
  • Along with that, if you have a prior learning experience in C or Java or C++ is beneficial,

What Should you learn in C# Programming Language?

  • Data Types and Variables
  • Logic and Conditionals
  • Methods
  • Arrays and Loops
  • classes, and variables
  • Switches and loops
  • Strings and arrays
  • Stream I/O
  • Building functions
  • Catching errors
  • Managing resources with the garbage collector
  • C# syntax
  • C# language fundamentals
  • Object oriented programming
  • The .NET Framework concept
  • Namespaces
  • Collections

Free Resources to Learn C# Programming Language

  • Introduction to C# Programming and Unity from Coursera
  • C# Fundamentals with C# 5.0 from Pluralsight
  • Tutorials Teacher: Popular Platform For Learning C#
  •  C# Station: Learning C# Made Easy
  •  Java T Point – C# Tutorial

Rust Programming Language

Rust Programming Language

Rust is an open-source programming language that focuses on parallelism, speed, memory, and safety. Developers are utilizing Rust to build a broad range of modern software and web applications, such as game software, OS, file systems, web elements and simulation engines for virtual reality.

There’s a developing group of companies using Rust in creation, such as Coursera, Chef, Postmates, npm, and Dropbox. Another exciting modern development has been the GNOME community discovering Rust for web app development. Naturally, we don’t demand people to omit what they are previously using or rewrite all the things in Rust. Rust is very interoperable so that you can add Rust code to your platform without a significant commitment early one other language.

Why should you Learn and use Rust Programming Language?

  • Easy to Understand
  • Modern Language
  • Zero-cost Abstractions
  • Move semantics
  • Guaranteed memory safety
  • Threads without data races
  • Trait-based generics
  • Pattern matching
  • Type inference
  • Minimal runtime
  • Efficient C bindings

Prerequisites to Learn Rust Programming Language?

  • C
  • C++
  • Java

What Should you learn in Rust Programming Language?

  • Primitives
  • Custom Types – struct and enum.
  • Variable Bindings
  • Defining Types
  • Conversion
  • Expressions
  • Flow Control – if/else, for, and others.
  • Functions.
  • Modules
  • Crates
  • Attributes
  • Generics
  • Scoping rules
  • Traits
  • Macros
  • Error handling
  • Std library types
  • Std misc
  • Meta
  • Unsafe Operations

Free Resources to Learn Rust Programming Language

  • Doc.rust-lang.org/book/
  • Rustbyexample.com
  • Nostarch.com/Rust
  • Newrustacean.com

The Go Programming Language

Go Programming Language

Go (often referred to as GoLang) is a programming language designed for Google employees. (chiefly longtime Unix guru and Google distinguished engineer Rob Pike) — but it’s not strictly addressing a “Google project.” Somewhat, GoLang is designed as a community-led open source project, created by an authority that has strong emotions about how Go should be applied and the way the language should use.

Go is intended to be easy to learn, honest to work with, and easy to understand by other developers. Go lacks a broad feature set, particularly when related to languages like C++. Go is suggestive of C in its syntax, performing it most comfortable for longtime C developers to learn.

Why should you Learn and use Go Language?

  • Easy to Learn
  • Faster Startup Time
  • Easy to Maintain
  • Concurrency
  • Scalability
  • Simplicity
  • Built-in Primitives

Prerequisites to Learn Go Language?

  • Very good understanding of C

What Should you learn in Go Language?

  • Go – Environment Setup
  • Go – Program Structure
  • Go – Basic Syntax
  • Go – Data Types
  • Go – Variables
  • Go – Constants
  • Go – Operators
  • Go – Decision Making
  • Go – Loops
  • Go – Functions
  • Go – Scope Rules
  • Go – Strings
  • Go – Arrays
  • Go – Pointers
  • Go – Structures
  • Go – Slice
  • Go – Range
  • Go – Maps
  • Go – Recursion
  • Go – Type Casting
  • Go – Interfaces
  • Go – Error Handling
  • Go Useful Resources
  • Go – Questions and Answers
  • Go – Quick Guide
  • Go – Useful Resources
  • Go – Discussion

Free Resources to Learn Go Programming Language

  • Gobyexample.com
  • Golangbot.com
  • Golang-book.com
  • Hackr.io/tutorials/learn-golang

Swift Programming Language

Swift Programming Language

Swift is a powerful and simple programming language for iOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS. Writing Swift language is dynamic and enjoyable, the code is comprehensive yet compelling, and Swift adds new features developers admire. Swift code is secure by design, yet also provides software that runs lightning-fast.

Swift is a beautiful way to design software, whether it’s for mobiles, desktops, servers that run the code. It’s a secure, fast, and flexible programming language that connects the best in new language thinking with knowledge from the broader Apple engineering experience and the various participation from its open-source community. The compiler is enhanced for production and the code is advancing for development, without compromising on either.

Why should you Learn and use Swift Language?

  • Beginner Friendliness
  • Easy to Understand
  • Scalability
  • Easy to Maintain
  • Fast
  • Optimized Memory-Usage

Prerequisites to Learn Swift Programming Language?

  • C
  • C++
  • Javascript.

What Should you learn in Swift Programming Language?

  • Playgrounds
  • Language Constructs
  • Variables and Constants
  • Optional Control
  • Flow Part 1: Loops Control
  • Flow Part 2: Conditionals
  • Comments
  • Functions
  • Closures
  • Classes and Structures
  • Properties
  • Methods
  • Extensions
  • Protocols
  • Swift and Object-Oriented Programming
  • Object-Oriented Programming
  • Abstraction
  • Encapsulation
  • Inheritance
  • Polymorphism
  • Built-In Types
  • The Swift Standard Library
  • String
  • Array
  • Dictionary
  • Numeric Type

Free Resources to Learn Swift Programming Language

  • LearningSwift.tips
  • Swiftlang.eu
  • Bloc.io

Mentioned above is the language that can make up you as a full stack developer! But, if you only need to do basic web development, then you do not want to master all these skills.

However, there is no one skill fits all because it all depends on what you want to do. Hope this guide helped you to learn programming languages required to focus on full stack web development.

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