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How to Become a Full Stack Developer

full stack developer skills

Nowadays, Full stack developers are considered the jack of all trades of the tech world. They are the ones who have specific knowledge of each & every layer of software development. They are proficient in working with both front-end and back-end technologies and can become a prototype into a fully-functioning product. Besides, desired by employers everywhere, full-stack developers own a variety of both front-end & back-end skills.

If you are pondering why full-stack developers in such selective demand, it’s because most web developers are extremely talented. In addition, the pay for a  full stack developer is extremely competitive. Be it in tech giants (like Google, Amazon, and Facebook) or IT companies (like Accenture, Infosys, and Wipro); they are perceived to occupy the top spots in the lists of best organizations to work for.

In this article, we will be presenting the most essential skills required to become a Full-Stack developer today.

Let’s start with what is a full stack developer accurately.

What is a Full Stack Developer?

A full stack developer is a developer who specialized in both front-end and back-end web development. With the knowledge of what it means to build applications from start to end, a full stack developer can plan, manage, and develop software with general know-how. Besides, they can handle all the work of databases, servers, systems engineering, and clients. Depending on the project, what customers need may be a mobile stack, a Web stack, or a native application stack. The main difference among front-end and back-end developers is that front-end developers handle creating the user interface features of a website, while back-end developers work with internal tasks such as applications, databases, and web servers.

Accordingly, combined they are accountable for building the technology and coding that makes a website function properly. Both skillsets are essential for being a talented web developer and will give you a support when applying for jobs. If you are the person who learning new concepts and technologies frequently, this is a surpassing career path for you.

What are the Personal Traits of Full Stack Developers?

If you have determined to focus on full stack development, you need to learn the important personal characteristics to subsist with the job. The following characteristics will help you to get the job offers in full stack development:

  • Analytical mind
  • Global thinking
  • Patience
  • Love for learning
  • Attention to detail
  • Creative vision
  • Discipline
  • Good Communication
  • Time Management

If you feel better with this list and your confidence grows even stronger, it’s time to discuss the technical side of the issue.

How to Become a Full Stack Developer?

Let’s look deep down on how to become a full stack developer and how can you land up at your favorite job.

Front-End Development

Front-end technologies are turned into much more important in today’s project and product development. Therefore, make sure you are up to speed with your skillsets. In addition to product features, the user experience is also one of the criteria to examine the resolution of a product. All that depends on the implementation of the front-end technology, so you require to master some basic front-end technologies like HTML5, JavaScript, CSS3, and further study the front-end frameworks and third-party libraries such as JQuery, REACT, or AngularJS.

HTML/CSS – Hypertext markup language (HTML) and Cascade style sheets (CSS) are a backbone of any web development language and it is mandatory to grasp a sound understanding of both of them if you are willing to become a full-stack developer. Nearly every single program, whether online or in-person, that is guiding you on how to be a web developer and it will start with HTML and CSS because they are the building blocks of the web.

JavaScript – JavaScript is the most popular language in both Full-Stack, Front-end, and Back-end Development. It is growing more popular every year and new libraries, frameworks, and tools are constantly being released. Even if you are a front-end developer or back-end developer, it is mandatory to get a fine knowledge about Javascript.

JQUERY – Jquery is a leading javascript library. It provides you the ability to add ready-made factors to your website, which can be customized as required. Being quoted on the official jQuery website or app, it is a fast and compressed JavaScript Library that interprets HTML document traversing, event handling, animating, and Ajax interactions for active web development.

JavaScript Frameworks – The framework gives the codes more structured and organized. The popular javascript frameworks are AngularJS, React, EmberJS, Backbone, The choice of the frame entirely depends on use cases and requirements.

Angular – Angular is a full-fledged MVC framework created by Google. Most of the firms were manipulating the Angular 1.x version. Google frequently updated angular js, and the current version is Angular 4 after the release of Angular 2.

Back-End Development

You must be proficient in numerous programming languages, like  C #, JAVA, PHP, Python, Perl, Ruby, etc. As most of your core business processes require to be written in these languages. But you also need to master the language grammar, and to be quite familiar with how to structure, design, implementation, and testing. For instance, if you choose JAVA, then you want to master the object-oriented design and development, design patterns, J2EE-based elements of the development and more.

Databases & Web Storage

Databases are also essential because you will need a place where you can store all the data and access it for future use. Being a full stack developer, you also require to have at least one or two databases and understand how to interact with the database. Some of the topics you need to learn to gain full stack development skills are relational databases (MySQL), NoSQL databases (MongoDB, Redis), Oracle, SQL server, graph databases (Neo4j), and other web stores.

HTTP & REST

The application protocol HTTP enables clients and servers to stay in a constant connection. For instance, you can create a request through the JavaScript code, which will be sent to the back-end code. The thing is HTTP data is not encrypted building an extremely unsafe environment for website users. No matter what website you handle with, knowing HTTPS is a significant matter. If your website stores sensitive data, then this type of protocol is of the biggest concern for you.

Web Application Architecture

You should always learn about the architecture of web programs. If you want to create a more complex web application, you should know how to structure your code and data in order, how to separate your files, how to structure the data in your database, where to perform certain computational tasks, where to store your large media files, and much more. Some topics to remain in mind: AWS, Heroku, performance optimization for applications, and model-view-controller (MVC).

DEVOPS

Good DevOps leads to heightened efficiency, leading to a solid product. The knowledge of DevOps tools is important because with automation becoming a crucial part of every company’s success, a full-stack developer must be familiar with some of the DevOps tools as well. It also improves collaboration between software developers and IT teams so the work progresses faster and smoother.

GIT

Git is the popular version control system that enables developers working on a team to keep track of all the modifications being made to a codebase. Knowing Git and how it works will be useful for you in your coding and software development work. You should clearly learn the concept behind Git and work around with it yourself. It’s important to know a few important things compared to Git so that you learn how to properly get the latest code that you have missed, update parts of the code, make fixes, and change other people’s code without breaking things. This is necessary especially if you require to be working a lot with software development teams.

Basic Algorithms & Data Structures

When you become a full stack developer, it is quite important you learn how to store a specific data and how to implement a particular task in the most efficient and logical way possible. This topic is somewhat polarizing in the software development world because there are developers who don’t think there should be such a massive focus on computer science topics like tree traversal, algorithm analysis, sorting, matrix manipulation, etc. This one’s a bit difficult since many believe that learning computer science is not required to be a great full stack developer.

Why Pursue a Career in Full Stack Development?

Do you need to have many career options wherever you go? Or maybe you are just the type of person that loves dynamic change and learning new things regularly. That makes full-stack development the career for you. The Full-stack developers continually need to update their skill set and technical know-how, meaning you want to learn new stuff all the time. That actually benefits you out in the long run: you will be more important on any team with the knowledge that’s cutting-edge.

Because of the wide range of skills needed to be a full stack web developer, there are some candidates applying for positions, leaving more opportunity for adequate candidates. The job outlook for web developers is expected to grow 13% by 2026, which is faster than the average rate for all occupations. According to he indeed survey, the average pay for a full stack developer is ₹ 6,31,892 per annum in India.

Where to Learn Full Stack Development?

Constant learning – that’s what makes victory for full-stack developers. While there are lots of spheres to embrace, being conscious about the latest tools and technologies updates is your daily concern. If you need to learn full stack development by your self-learning, you can utilize the following resources:

  • HTML5 Rocks
  • W3Schools Tutorials
  • codecademy
  • Scotch.io – FREE
  • Mozilla Developer Network
  • MySQL Documentation
  • Hypertext Preprocessor
  • Online training from the web
  • Helping non-profit organizations

Are you a novice in web development? Do you want an experienced mentor in a classroom-based full stack development training to upskill your career?

You can learn full stack development from Zuan Education and it will be the best place for you to learn basic to advanced level. Here you will learn in-demand full stack developer skills from an expert trainer and grow your knowledge with live project sessions.

So in a nutshell, the full stack developer is by no means to accomplished overnight. What you need to do is laying the technical foundation, strengthen the core skills, and keep learning for more challenges.

I hope you have found this article useful. Do share your thoughts below in the comments section now!


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